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Connecticut's population expanded gradually, and by 1662 the colony included over a dozen towns, including Saybrook, New London , Fairfield , and Norwalk , as well as East Hampton and Southampton on Long Island. Connecticut Colony . It was founded by Roger Williams. Their government was based on the people. and Reverend Samuel Stone led a group of one hundred people in 1636 and founded the settlement of Hartford. Fact 3- Major industries: Agriculture (corn, wheat, fishing) Fact 4- It was the 5th colony out of the 13 colonies. Pequot War. They founded the Connecticut Colony. He did so with the permission of the Dutch who had laid claim to the lands. 1650 : The legislature passes the code of laws drawn up by Roger Ludlow. Colony of Connecticut. This feature is not available right now. Colonies were also established at Old Saybrook and New Haven, which later became part of Connecticut. The Puritans dominated Connecticut colony. Historically important colonial settlements included: Windsor (1633), Wethersfield (1634), Saybrook (1635), Hartford (1636), New Haven (1638), and New London (1646). Settled in Newtown Connecticut, the new settlers drafted a constitution known as the Fundamental Orders in 1639. Connecticut was originally known as the River Colony. It affected the people who moved their by not having good crops due to the poor rocky soil. White skiff on dock in downtown Mystic Connecticut. Connecticut Colony had four distinct classes: the gentry, the middle class, the indentured servants, and the slaves. However, the mountains were filled with lush trees. Please try again later. A puritan minister named Thomas Hooker and Governor John Haynes of the Massachusetts Bay Colony founded Connecticut. Cool facts about Connecticut. Thomas Hooker led a band of followers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the Connecticut Colony; other settlers from Massachusetts founded the Saybrook Colony and the New Haven Colony. Connecticut Founded . These new settlers rejected the autocratic rule of the Puritans in Massachusetts. The major industry was agriculture wheat, corn and fishing. The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was one of the original Thirteen Colonies established on the east coast of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Economy. Founded By: Thomas Hooker and a group of Massachusetts colonists. The colony was founded in the first place because Thomas Hooker did not like how much power the Puritan governor and officials had, while in Massachusetts Bay. Hartford quickly became an important center of government and trade. 1662: John Winthrop Jr. acquires a royal charter meant to unite the colony of Connecticut with the New Haven Colony. It was formed on March 3, 1636, and was used as a haven for Puritan gentlemen. Founded: 1636. website builder. When the Plymouth Colony was founded … The land is also nicknamed as the " Nutmeg State" the "Constitution State" or "the land of steady habits". The gentry were the elite with the most powers and the slaves were on the bottom rung of society.1 Religion played a monumental role in the social structure of the colony. Year Connecticut Colony Founded: during 1635/1636; Colonists where moving into and staring towns in future Connecticut colony until 1636. A separate colony was established in New Haven In the spring of 1638, when that city was founded. 1647: In Hartford, authorities hang Alse Young, the first person in Connecticut to be executed for witchcraft. In 1662, the three colonies were merged under a royal … Initially an Each colony also established systems of self-government // Virginia was founded in 1607 and Massachusetts was founded in 1629. The Connecticut River was the first area settled in the 1630s. The colony began with one hundred settlers, one hundred and sixty livestock which included pigs goats and cows. The Connecticut Colony replaced the area of the Massachusetts Colony, and was founded by Thomas Hooker and a group of Massachusetts colonists. What’s the difference between Plymouth Colony and Massachusetts Bay? It was first called the River Colony and was organized on March 3, 1636. Three years later, the settlers drafted a document known as "The Fundamental Orders." Colony: The Connecticut Colony was founded in 1635/1636 by Thomas Hooker and a group of Massachusetts colonists. In response he created Connecticut and limited the powers of the governor and government with The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. Reason for being founded: Connecticut was founded because Thomas Hooker was angry about Massachusetts had giving the governor too much power. The Connecticut colony was originally founded by Thomas Hooker, a Newton minister in the Massachusetts colony. Thomas Hooker. Therefore, there was no religion freedom in this colony. The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in New England which became the state of Connecticut.It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation, and the English permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the Dutch. The Connecticut colony was called "the land of long tidal rivers" by the native Americans there. The two major urban centers were Hartford and New Haven. Thomas Hooker occasionally got into trouble for his religious beliefs, so he was forced to go to Holland. Fish, whales, forests. Founded in:1636 Founded by: Thomas Hooker and other colonists, at Hartford. Historians maintain that Hooker looked towards Connecticut to … The colony was founded by Puritan colonists who believed the Massachusetts Bay Colony was too strict and oppressive in its religious beliefs, as well as over crowded. After their arrival, several colonies were established including the Colony of Connecticut, Old Saybrooke, Windsor, Hartford, and New Haven. In Connecticut shipbuilding was very popular during the Connecticut colony. These cities, together with Southold on Long Island and Branford, became the republic of New Haven. He wanted to set up a colony with limited government. … Arguably, they could be the main reason Connecticut was revisited before it was declared a colony. Economy: Conditions for farming were … It was a place for Puritan noblemen. The major trades of the people who lived there were making pots, pans, cloth, shoes, spices, pins, hats, and combs. Fact 2- Major towns/cities in Connecticut, Hartford, and New Haven. Puritanism was the dominant religion in Connecticut Colony. He left the massachusetts bay colony because he believed that the officials had too much power. The colony had some early problems with the Dutch, but after that, the English gained control of it permanently by the late 1630s. People: The people who settled and lived in the Connecticut Colony were colonists who left the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635 looking for more religious and economic freedoms. Connecticut Colony Facts. Much of the land settled by the colonists was purchased from the Mohegan Indians. And the colony is most densely populated. Fact 1- It was founded by Thomas Hooker and others, at Hartford. This site was designed with the .com. In the following two years additional towns were established at Milford, Guilford and Stamford. The New London area, originally founded by John Winthrop Jr., is established. Connecticut’s economy included trade and growing crops. Connecticut Colony Facts: Home; Founded; Geography; Colony Life; Interesting Facts; Information Internet Links ; Founded. Thomas Hooker was born on July 5, 1586 in a Puritan family in Leicestershire County, England. One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Connecticut is located in the northeastern corner of the country. By the late 1630s, over 1,000 people had settled into the … Hooker Unhappy with Government. Mystic is a tourist driven region area. In 1639, he founded the settlement of Fairfield and served for many years as a magistrate and deputy governor of Connecticut. The climate was colder than England's and its summer were mild. In 1636. In 1638 the Reverend John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton along with 500 English settlers established New Haven after purchasing a tract of land from the Quinnipiacs. The colonies in Connecticut flourished as separate entities. The economy was based … Our founder Thomas Hooker founded Connecticut in 1636 after leaving the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Motivation for Founding: People from the Massachusetts colony moved to what would become Connecticut because they were looking for more freedom and financial opportunities. Facts about Connecticut Colony 3: the religions. It also gave them no religious freedom so they had to be Puritan. Imported agricultural products from other colonies. They included flour, lumber, useful hardware, shoe buckles and candle stick holders. Connecticut was named after an Algonquin word, quinnehtuvqut. Connecticut was founded in 1636 by Thomas Hooker and others. Now identifying itself as 'A Little City with a Big Heart,' it was founded in 1639 as an English colony called Wepowage, the Indian name for the river that flowed through the settlement. Thomas Hooker, a preacher from Massachusetts, led his congregation to the river in search of rich farmland. Connecticut was the sixth colony founded after Rhode Island and before New Hampshire. The Connecticut Colony was an English colony in British America. Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were raised. The Massachusetts Bay Colony continued to grow, but not all the members of the colony agreed with how it was being governed. A year later it was renamed Milford in reference to a gristmill established there. The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, was formed in what would become the US state of Connecticut. New London, founded by English settlers, was Connecticut colony's first official port. Which then led to the founding of the Connecticut Colony and Hookers increased involvement in politics. This new colony was founded in Hartford, Connecticut in 1635 by Rev. The Province of Connecticut was an English colony founded in 1636 by Thomas Hooker; it was a charter/New England colony. He went to school at Cambridge. Who founded :Thomas Hooker Economy:The major products of the Connecticut colony were manufactured. Trading posts were also created, which brought a lot of attention. Connecticut colony was filled with hilly eastern uplands and narrow lowlands. Founder: Thomas Hooker; Settlers: Puritans; Climate: Cold winters and mild summers; Occupations: farming, shipbuilding, fishing, and whaling; Government: Fundamental Orders, Self-Governing . Fundamental Orders. Create your website today. One hundred settlers, led by the Minister Thomas Hooker, set up a new colony in Connecticut. The main reason Connecticut was founded and settled was for its fertile land. In fact, it was the only religion allowed. The Pequot tribe, however, wanted the land. The Colony of Connecticut was formed in 1636. Settlements continued to spring up elsewhere. The colony's founders (who included Viscount Saye and Sile and Baron Brooke, for whom the colony was named) sold the Saybrook settlement to Connecticut colony in 1644. The constitution of the Connecticut River colony drawn up in 1639, it established a government controlled in democratic style by the "substantial" citizens. The English took control of the colony from the Dutch by the late 1630s. Fish, whales, forests. Microsoft may earn an Affiliate Commission if you purchase something through recommended links in this article. Virginia was founded primarily for economic reasons while Massachusetts was settled by people seeking religious freedom and self-determination. The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in New England which became the state of Connecticut.It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation, and the English permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the Dutch. History Geography Economy Government Fun Facts Sources Fun Facts. The rocky soil in Connecticut colony made the people face the hardship to grow crops. Trading posts were established along the Connecticut River by the Dutch from New Amsterdam and by the English from the Plymouth colony, but the first permanent European settlers in the state came from the Massachusetts Bay Colony to the middle Connecticut River valley during 1633–35 (Hartford, founded by Thomas Hooker) and to the Saybrook–New Haven coastal strip during 1635–38. 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